Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Child Labour

Child Labour - It is one biggest concern in today's world. It means work done by children below the age of 18 yrs, they are exploited Mentally, Physically, Morally by blocking their access towards education.However we cannot give the exact meaning of Child Labour. According to figures from the University of Iowa, 53 per cent of child labourers live in Asia and the Pacific, 30 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa, and seven per cent in Latin America. It is generally thought that boys become involved in child labour more often than girls. Child labour is often exploited in sectors like - 

1)Garment industry

2)Brick kilns 

3)Unorganised sectors

4) Agriculture

5) Fireworks 















There are various reasons which causes Child Labour , here are some of them -

According to figures from the University of Iowa, 53 per cent of child labourers live in Asia and the Pacific, 30 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa, and seven per cent in Latin America. 

Poverty is widely considered the top reason that children work in jobs that are exploitative and inappropriate for their ages. But there are other reasons as well. In no particular order:

1) Family expectations and traditions.

2) Abuse of the child.

3) lack of good schools and day care.

4) lack of other services, such as health care.

5) Public opinion that downplays the risk of early work for children.

6) Uncaring attitude of employers.

7) Limited choices for women.

The parents of child labourers are often unemployed or underemployed, desperate for secure employment and income. Yet it is their children - more powerless and paid less who are offered the jobs.Roots of child labour" report, children are employed because they are easier to exploit. Apart from these there some other factors which contribute  to instances of child labour include:


A)Limited access to compulsory, free education.



B)Irregular monitoring and weak enforcement of relevant laws.




C)Local laws that include a lot of exemptions.



D)Globalisation and an emphasis on low labour costs

.


E)Inability to uphold workers' and child rights.



With the awareness of Child Labour exploitation the government has emerged in & taken some steps to stop Child labour. 

1)Some Strict laws have been implemented in Employment Industries. 

2)Introduction of some Social Welfare Committees for Children.

3)Bringing in Awareness against the need of education in people.

4)Introduction of Government & NON-Government NGOs in the country.


      

   

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